Polio is a vaccine preventable disease. 3. 2. Acute anterior poliomyelitis (Polio virus) Clinical criteria Any person <15 years of age with acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) OR Any person in whom polio is suspected by a physician. In endemic regions, to ensure even higher sensitivity, this rate should be two per 100 000. Mandatory surveillance of all cases of AFP (even non-polio) is a part of the WHO strategy to monitor the effectiveness of the reporting system. A child under age 15 experiences sudden, unexplained weakness or paralysis, known as acute flaccid paralysis (AFP). Results are included as “others” in poliovirus isolation counts. Like polio, AFP is also nationally notifiable and a national case definition for AFP has been developed. 20 No. Polio is a notifiable disease and suspect cases of polio (Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) cases in children < 15 years of age are notified and investigated to out rule polio. Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) is a rare but serious neurological illness which is normally due to inflammation of the spinal cord, known as acute flaccid myelitis (AFM).AFP … The incubation period for polio is usually 7–14 days for infections resulting in AFP, although the reported range is 3 to 35 days. The strategy also provides evidence for … National surveillance is ongoing for cases of AFP in children less than 15 years of age (16). Clinical Case Definition for Paralytic Poliomyelitis Acute onset of a flaccid paralysis of one or more limbs with decreased or absent tendon reflexes in the affected limbs, without other apparent cause and without sensory or cognitive loss. 20 No. All AFP patients who referred to expert committee were evaluated about the causes. Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance is a critical component of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) , .In the presence of a sensitive AFP surveillance system, the absence of detection of polio disease over time indicates absence of poliovirus transmission and informs decisions on certification of the eradication of poliomyelitis , . Mode of transmission Poliovirus is passed person to person, principally via the faecal–oral route, but potentially also via respiratory droplets. If it works as expected, the vaccine just might overcome one of the biggest obstacles to polio eradication: out-of-control outbreaks caused by mutant polio strains derived from the vaccine itself. This study describes AFP surveillance in Spain from 1998 to 2015. Poliomyelitis must be distinguished from other paralytic conditions by isolation of polio virus from stool. AFP is also associated with a number of other pathogenic agents including enteroviruses other than polio, echoviruses, West Nile virus, and adenoviruses, among others. Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) Surveillance of polio virus in Pakistan is a systematic collection, analysis and interpretation of data and the dissemination of information. Most cases of paralysis are not caused by polio, but we investigate them to be certain. It allows detecting poliovirus (PV) reintroductions from endemic countries. The Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) is about to roll out a brand-new vaccine—one that its leaders desperately hope will turn the flagging effort around. Polio is a serious illness. The term acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) is often used to describe an instance with a sudden onset, as might be found with polio.. AFP is the most common sign of acute polio, and used for surveillance during polio outbreaks. The programme is able to identify where the polio virus is circulating through its highly sensitive surveillance activities. A doctor or other community member such as a traditional healer, pharmacist, or cleric reports the case to medical authorities. 7.0 Comments Polio is targeted for eradication. Pioneered in the Americas during the late 1980s [2, 3], AFP surveillance is conducted in 194 member states of the WHO. During this time, 678 AFP cases were reported to the Spanish National Surveillance Network. At least one case of non-polio AFP should be detected annually per 100 000 population aged less than 15 years. AFP cases meeting the definition of a hot case should receive priority attention and be reported to WHO EURO as soon as possible. To determine the spectrum of nonpolio enterovirus (NPEV) serotypes associated with NP-AFP from polio-endemic and -free regions, we studied antigenic diversity of AFP-associated NPEVs. 2. Introduction. In Europe, 43 of the 53 WHO member countries are involved in active AFP surveillance and reporting. These are the Non-Polio Acute Flaccid Paralysis (NP-AFP) rate and the proportion of AFP cases with adequate stool specimens . Les articles sont relus et validés par des journalistes éditeurs répartis dans The claims are false; immunization is not compulsory in most Australian states and Canadian provinces, while exemptions can be obtained in the United States as well as Canada’s Ontario and New Brunswick. In developing countries, acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) in children under 15 years of age is monitored. Non polio enteroviruses like Coxsackie A, Coxsackie B, ECHO or Enterovirus types 70 and 71 have also been temporally associated with AFP and most of these cases show a course of improvement with complete recovery .
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