Further below I will briefly discuss similarities and differences with the Coronavirus (COVID-19) in 2019/20. The ‘Spanish Flu’ pandemic is only present in Mexico with the characteristics of a disease previously known as the common cold and it does not have, as it has been said, alarming symptoms that could cause a true pandemic that could cause numerous victims in the Republic. With respect to the impact of the Spanish flu it is striking that the visualization shows that the pandemic had very little impact on older people. He said the ship “Alfonso XII” arrived with 1,200 migrants on board, out of which 23 died due to the terrible disease and 300 were infected. deaths per 100,000 persons in each age group, United States, for the interpandemic years 1911–1917 (dashed line) and the pandemic year 1918 (solid line) The disease killed in every corner of the globe. Please consult our full legal disclaimer. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12879-019-3750-8 according to Smith (1995) 132,000 in England, Wales, and Ireland alone. 10.1073/pnas.0408290102 Online here. Smith (1995) estimates that the Russian flu killed 132,000 in England, Wales, and Ireland. Today planes can carry people and viruses to many corners of the world in a very short time. Online here. Mortality was high in people younger than 5 years old, … Additionally the populations in many parts of the world were weakened by a global war. In Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 76(1), pp.105-115. Smith F. B. Soc. The influenza outbreak started in the Northern Hemisphere in the spring of 1918. History of 1918 Flu Pandemic. Period life expectancy is a measure of the population’s health in one year. 45 174–178. In this regard, the President of the High Council of Health, the doctor and General José María Rodríguez directed a letter to the manager of the Spanish Transatlantic Company, letting him know that the “Alfonso XII” ship will only be accepted in the port of Veracruz where it will be put in quarantine since the rest of the ports in the Gulf do not have the necessary conditions” (…). How do these estimates compare with the size of the world population at the time? The flu weakens all over the countryOctober 14, 1918. Olson D. R., Simonsen L., Edelson P. J., Morse S. S. (2005). The Spanish flu hit the world in the days before antibiotics were invented; and many deaths, perhaps most, were not caused by the influenza virus itself, but by secondary bacterial infections. Laredo’s Customs Office Opens In the last 150 years the world has seen an unprecedented improvement in health. This was not just an achievement across these countries; life expectancy has doubled in all regions of the world. Did you know the coronavirus discovered in China should not be the SARS of 2020? Our World In Data is a project of the Global Change Data Lab, a registered charity in England and Wales (Charity Number 1186433). The number of deaths was estimated to be at least 50 million worldwide with about 675,000 occurring in the United States. Health authorities have noticed the danger that lingers upon the Republic, and to prevent its propagation, the Health Department has ordered the following measures. The Spanish flu reached its height in autumn 1918 but raged until 1920, ... France's wartime trenches, ridden with filth, disease, and death, were originally seen as the flu… To better understand this deadly virus, an expert group of researchers and virus hunters set out to search for the lost 1918 virus, sequence its genome, recreate the virus in a highly safe and regulated laboratory setting at CDC, and ultimately study its secrets to better prepare for future pandemics. Virol. In places like Alaska, the Spanish flu exacted a terrible toll. Traffic between Monterrey and Torreón suspended 2019 Dec; 9(2): 020421. But it is false to attribute a specific number of deaths to each wave. Mr. José M. de la Garza, Municipal President of Mexico is seriously worried about the invasion of the Spanish Flu pandemic threatening Mexico City. 2016 Mar; 22(3): 433–441. Have you heard Mexico's HIV epidemic needs to stop? The development of the flu in the capitalTuesday, October 15, 1918. Hist. When the Spanish flu pandemic reached Australia in 1919, a quarantine camp set up in Adelaide was more a party than a chore, according to written accounts. An early estimate from 1927 put global mortality at 21.6 million. Patients die from asphyxiation. Almost exactly 100 years ago, one-third of the world's population found itself infected in a deadly viral pandemic. In Emerg Infect Dis. Morens D. M., Taubenberger J. K., Fauci A. S. (2008) – Predominant role of bacterial pneumonia as a cause of death in pandemic influenza: implications for pandemic influenza preparedness. But the authors suggest that this could be an underestimation and that the true death toll was as high as 100 million.7, The more recent study by Spreeuwenberg et al. The Spanish Flu pandemic weakensSaturday, August 12, 1918. See also Alyssa S. Parpia, Martial L. Ndeffo-Mbah, Natasha S. Wenzel, and Alison P. Galvani (2016) – Effects of Response to 2014–2015 Ebola Outbreak on Deaths from Malaria, HIV/AIDS, and Tuberculosis, West Africa. Most striking is the large, sudden decline of life expectancy in 1918, caused by an unusually deadly influenza pandemic that became known as the ‘Spanish flu’. Patterson and Pyle (1991) estimated that between 24.7 and 39.3 million died from the pandemic.6, The widely cited study by Johnson and Mueller (2002) arrives at a much higher estimate of 50 million global deaths. doi: 10.3201/eid2203.150977 PMCID: PMC4766886 PMID: 26886846 Online here. Based on this, the low estimate of 17.4 million deaths by Spreeuwenberg et al. Online here. It shows that life expectancy increased at all ages, which means that the often-heard assertion that life expectancy ‘only’ increased because child mortality declined is not true. The chief of the Health Department proposed to the President of the Republic to adopt the following measures that were approved: Dr. Ballina’s Opinion But the Spanish flu reminds us just how large the impact of an pandemic can be, even in countries that had already been successful in improving population health. Health measures *While Mexico says it has reduced in the North, Monterrey says the disease is worsening. In other words, if we had precise annual counts they would likely show a decline of the world population in 1918. and Mueller, J. [If you want to understand this in more detail you find our discussion of it here. The visualization here shows the available estimates from the different research publication discussed in the following. Writing in early March 2020 it is an obvious question to ask how the ongoing outbreak of COVID-19 compares. The denser the population, the more havoc, and Mexico City is optimal for the development and propagation of the new pandemic. You have the permission to use, distribute, and reproduce in any medium, provided the source and authors are credited. More than 100 years before the coronavirus outbreak, the world was ravaged by the Spanish Flu pandemic, which infected an estimated one-third of the global population. 198 962–970. Estimates suggest that the world population in 1918 was 1.8 billion. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00430-009-0118-5 Online here. Hosing the streets Novel swine-origin influenza A virus in humans: another pandemic knocking at the door. 70% of the population is infected by the terrible disease and the first death has been of the local congressman Enrique Dávila. Published in 2009 by the WHO. From the paper: “Further research has seen the consistent upward revision of the estimated global mortality of the pandemic, which a 1920s calculation put in the vicinity of 21.5 million. Yesterday, by orders of the Public Health Department, 40 persons infected by the flu were received in the General Hospital of this city. Published by 80,000 hours. The Spanish Flu pandemicFriday, January 11, 1918. 10 Misconceptions About the 1918 ‘Spanish Flu’ In the pandemic of 1918, between 50 and 100 million people are thought to have died, … (2018) implies that the Spanish flu killed almost 1% (0.95%) of the world population.9, If we rely on the estimate of 50 million deaths published by Johnson and Mueller, it implies that the Spanish flu killed 2.7% of the world population. The pandemic in Coahuila state Paget et al (2019) suggest an “average of 389 000 (uncertainty range 294 000-518 000) respiratory deaths were associated with influenza globally each year”. De no existir previa autorización, queda expresamente prohibida la Publicación, retransmisión, edición y cualquier otro uso de los contenidos, Fernanda Ramírez, Jessica Soto & Fernando Palacios, The pandemic at Havanna – Measures Against Infested Ships, the coronavirus discovered in China should not be the SARS of 2020, El juego de las vacunas y las grillas del gabinete, Los muertes Covid en casa y la hambruna de oxígeno…, "Si no te mata el virus, lo hace el hambre", Ordena gobierno priorizar la producción de oxígeno, Por alta demanda, costo de tanques de oxígeno hasta se triplica, México registra 21 mil 7 contagios en un día: Salud, Las 5 mejores series, poco conocidas, que puedes ver en streaming, Ivanka Trump se muda de Washington a millonario apartamento de Miami, Bernie Sanders reacciona a memes y lanza sudadera con famosa imagen, Video capta a sicarios de empresario y su escolta, desataron balacera en colonia Nápoles, Nuevas restricciones por semáforo rojo en SLP, Elecciones en Querétaro podrían posponerse para septiembre, Muestran a pacientes con tanques de oxígeno en sala de espera, To print a sheet of paper that will be distributed throughout all the Republic which will contain. More recently, between 151,700 and 575,400 people died from the swine flu or … Study shows deaths in New York quadrupled in early months. “Reassessing the Global Mortality Burden of the 1918 Influenza Pandemic”. Temples, schools, theaters, and other places were people can gather have been closed. As a matter of fact, we had access to a message dated in Monterrey in which the governor Nicéforo Zambrano asserts that due to the measures implemented by his government, the epic has disappeared, according to opinions of local doctors. ], This influenza outbreak wasn’t restricted to Spain and it didn’t even originate there (recent research by Olson et al. In 1918 it was railroads and steamships that connected the world. (2005) suggests that the epidemic originated in New York due to evidence of a pre-pandemic wave of the virus in that city).1. Dis. (2018) concluded that earlier estimates have been too high. London: Macmillan. Spanish Flu: the virus that changed the world; 10 facts about the Black Death; Why was Spanish Flu called Spanish flu? Our World in Data presents the data and research to make progress against the world’s largest problems. (1995) – The Russian influenza in the United Kingdom, 1889-1894. While the life expectancy at birth and at young ages declined by more than ten years, the life expectancy of 60- and 70-year olds saw no change. who died during the 1918-1920 Influenza pandemic. Help us do this work by making a donation. The paper includes detailed breakdowns of mortality estimates by world region and country. Johnson, N.P. According to information supplied by the Civil Registry, there were 11 cases of death registered with no other event worth mentioning. *Infested ships will only be allowed in Veracruz, where they will be put on strict quarantine. The pandemic at Havanna – Measures Against Infested Ships Epidemiological evidence of an early wave of the 1918 influenza pandemic in New York City. Overall, the Spanish flu was present in England from June 1918 to April 1920 in three different waves, meaning it was in the country for just under two years. It was the Spanish flu. Why were older people so resilient to the 1918 pandemic? Paget et al (2019) suggest an average of 389,000 with an uncertainty range 294,000 from 518,000.4. (2013) – Age-Specific Mortality During the 1918 Influenza Pandemic: Unravelling the Mystery of High Young Adult Mortality.PLoS One. Public resources were small and many countries had just spent large shares of their resources on the war. According to Michaelis et al. There is now a lot of variability in these estimates and while the academic discussions continue the range of estimates gives us an understanding of the severity of the event. It was patchy. As you will surely remember, we reported it was known that in Juchitepec, Tenango del Aire in the State of Mexico, there had been some “Spanish Flu” cases registered and so we investigated the result of the test performed by the Department. With the objective of providing our readers with relevant statements about the “Spanish Flu” pandemic, here are the statements made by Dr. Francisco Ballina, director of the Spanish Hospital: “First. Our World in Data is free and accessible for everyone. Experts agree the Spanish flu occurred in multiple waves and that the second wave was significantly more deadly than the others. The virus spread rapidly and eventually reached all parts of the world: the epidemic became a pandemic.2, Even in a much less-connected world the virus eventually reached extremely remote places such as the Alaskan wilderness and Samoa in the middle of the Pacific islands.3. When the flu rampaged through Spain, the Spanish government publicly announced the epidemic. 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