These types of snakes can be found in muskrat houses and beaver holes. Although water moccasins are the same however, there are more than one type. Cottonmouth snake. Color Variations. They are mainly found in the northern side of America. Watersnake: they are the biggest in their species. "People think that every snake they see in the water is a cottonmouth," said conservation department spokesman Francis Skalicky. Their pupil is not cat-like but round. Other snakes are not true cottonmouths, because they lack the interior flesh of their mouths that give cottonmouths their name. At night they are seen to be sitting on rocks and bushes to hunt their prey. They don’t have any specific methods to attack. Many times they tend to flee. Why is a Water Moccasin Called a Cottonmouth? Unfortunately, harmless northern water snakes are frequently misidentified as "cottonmouths". Cottonmouth: Their facial structure looks like a pit. They are normally nocturnal, meaning they prefer to hunt at night. These snakes are generally found in the northern side of America, mainly in Quebec and Ontario. Water moccasins have dark stripes by each nostril and pale snouts, which can be helpful in identifying features. The Infamous Water Moccasin. They have a white line above their jawline, which looks like cotton. They’re not afraid to show this feature to you. Venom. cottonmouth water moccasin snake stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images Identifying a Cottonmouth Snake . Putting aside the broad, copper-colored head of the bottom snake… They are normally dark brown, black, or olive in color. They are non-venomous. Their face looks like a pit. Chief among them was the notorious and venomous cottonmouth, a.k.a., water moccasin, that turned up in the floodwaters, scaring the bejesus out of many people. Cottonmouth: cottonmouth snake has cytotoxic which can paralyze a person. … Cottonmouths … You may also want to avoid areas near bodies of water where visibility is poor (such as under rocks, covered with heavy foliage areas, etc. Water Snakes are not poisonous. Cottonmouths are commonly confused with copperheads because they share similar color patterns, although the markings are quite different. Water snakes hunt both at night and day. There are many harmless watersnakes (genus Nerodia) that are frequently confused with venomous Water Moccasins a.k.a. They are preyed upon by corner owls, turtles, Eagles, loggerhead shrikes, red shouldered hawks, big birds like egrets, herons, etc. And look at this incredibly calm demeanor. They are more preyed upon. The babies are sized to be around 19 to 24 centimeters. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'wildlifeinformer_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_7',111,'0','0']));Depending on the habitat and climate, water moccasins can live in different areas. Their genome contains cytotoxic, which means that their venoms have elements that hold enough power to destroy tissues. Look out for these distinguishing cottonmouth features: Vertical pupils ; Heat-sensing slits beneath and between its eyes and nose Luckily, one can quickly go to a hospital and get an anti-venom serum injection. They are highly venomous. This is because both snakes can be spotted in water and have similar coloring and patterns at a quick glance. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'wildlifeinformer_com-leader-1','ezslot_10',112,'0','0']));They can even be found as far south as the Everglades (they apparently have no problem sharing a home with the crocs and alligators). What’s important is that you follow this guide to learn about how to avoid and spot one, which we hope you’ll never have to do. As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases. So, there you have it! In this article we’ll take a look at Water Moccasins vs Cottonmouths and discern the difference, if any. They hunt using their bites. Cottonmouths are a highly venomous species. Nevertheless, if you take all the precautionary measures and avoid these snakes at all costs you may still eventually see one. The cottonmouth is commonly mistaken for many non-venomous northern water snakes. A cottonmouth’s habitat is usually near a body of water in almost every case (or sometimes inside of them in the rock bed areas). While females are generally smaller than males, adults range from 2ft to 4ft long in the wild. It is frequently misidentified as a cottonmouth. It has been reported many times that other subspecies of cottonmouth snakes are more prone to attack than the cottonmouth. These water snakes can grow up to 5 feet in length. Luckily for you, there’s a slim chance you’ll ever be bitten by one if you are careful. Cottonmouths are a family of pit vipers, and they are able to use their heat sensors (which are conveniently located in between their eyes like a nose) to hunt and even strike their prey with precision accuracy despite their poor eyesight. While shaking their tail, they throw their head back and open their mouth. Colubrid snakes also have flat scales upon their heads, while vipers all possess smaller, rugose scutes. In some cases, people who’ve been bitten suffer from permanent muscle damage though. The cottonmouth has a fatter body, a wedge-shaped head with prominent venom glands that are wider than the neck, cat-like pupils, and heat-sensing pits between the eyes and the nostrils. I have been fascinated by our natural world and am here to share that wonder with you. It doesn’t usually attack unless the threat feels too extreme to them. In the other areas of the central and southern states, they are more apt to be seen in swamplands, such as in Louisiana. the side of the head is the banded water snake, and the stripe is a poorly-defined one, at best. And here they are again in direct comparison. The bands crossing its back are darker than those on a cottonmouth. They tend to hunt small fishes, frogs, tadpoles, and little birds and mammals. Just about every body of water here in the piedmont has its share of water snakes, usually more than most people care to know about. Then you have other cottonmouth snakes such as the Northern Cottonmouth (which also resides in the same area). They can cover themselves pretty well by hiding in the stacks of sticks and leaves. ... Now I noticed the same thing with Lake Erie water snakes and northern water snakes. If you see a cottonmouth your first instinct may be to take a picture. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'wildlifeinformer_com-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_13',117,'0','0']));Of course, this means that while the bite can be not only severely painful and potentially fatal, it’s not as common for people to die from a bite that a cottonmouth delivers. A cottonmouth (also known as the common water moccasin) is one and the same. cottonmouth water moccasin snake stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images Coiled Cottonmouth A venemous cottonmouth snake coiled and angry. They fall under the family of Colubridae. Hi, my name is Jesse and I'm the guy behind Wildlife Informer. They have a narrow viper-shaped head (almost triangular, but not as much as snakes like the rattlesnake). As we said, you can get an anti-venom to help counteract the bite, even though it may not permanently repair any damage caused by the snake’s bite itself. Their length may be more than 60cm. They have many patterns on their skins, which differentiates them from cottonmouth. Here you’ll find facts, common questions, and general info about all kinds of wildlife and exotic pets. Ranging statewide, it often shares habitat with cottonmouth snakes and is the snake most often misidentified as a cottonmouth. If one notices the shape of the head, eyes, and iris, they will successfully discern which snake is venomous and which snake is not. Water moccasins' large, triangular heads are distinct from their thinner necks, unlike many oth… However, when they are threatened extremely, they vigorously bite the opponents, meanwhile releasing excrement and musk. Cottonmouth vs Watersnake Length. Even though death may not occur if a person is bitten, however, the person will be left with a scar by the snake bite, he may need an amputation to save himself from the toxic tissue. eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'wildlifeinformer_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_5',104,'0','0']));Cottonmouths are extremely venomous (more on that later), and their scientific name is Agkistrodon piscivorus. Instead of laying eggs, the female snake tends to carry the egg inside their belly and give birth like a mammal. Like many other venomous water snakes, their pupils are shaped more like cats’ eyes and have vertical slits instead of round pupils. They will flatten their bodies, vibrate their tails, elevate their heads about 45°, and open their mouths, exposing the white interior (this is the origin of the common name). Its head is blocky with a triangular shape. Both these original names were put together in order to give cottonmouth the scientific name, which translates to “hook-toothed fish-eater.”. There are instances where larger individuals have been found.They are known for their large jowls, owing to being venomous, and their larger heads, which stands in contrast to their thin necks. It is only when they are nudged or touched, do they bite. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. Water snakes tend to mate around April. Now the good news for me, like I said before, is that this is a non-venomous species. Cottonmouth snakes live in the South-eastern United States of Southern Virginia to Florida and Eastern Texas. They are natural swimmers. This is the broad-banded water snake. Although water moccasins are the same however, there are more than one type. The Northern Cottonmouth Agkistrodon piscivorus is one of two recognized species of large (76-114 cm record 188 cm) semi-aquatic pitvipers in eastern North America. The location range for these snakes is rather wide, stretching almost half of the continent-wide, from Florida, all the way to the southern parts of Missouri, and as far north as Northeastern Virginia, at approximately (around 37-degrees north, and 77 degrees west). eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'wildlifeinformer_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_12',113,'0','0']));While other snakes are commonly placed in numerous areas (such as some species of rattlesnakes), cottonmouths have one of the widest ranges in the entire country as far as venomous species goes. Very few retreat to the threat display. Copper Head Snakes and Water Snakes Copperhead snake (Photo: Michale McCarthy, Flicker sharing) Identification of the venomous copperhead snake and the harmless northern banded water snake. Their head is of triangular shape. The bands become blotches in the latter part of the body. "That's not the case. In the Ozark region of Missouri, for example, cottonmouths live in the rocky areas near the water. The Cotton Mouth will have a head shaped like a block. They can be found in any type of water body such as lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, or canals. As Northern water snakes age, the color darkens, and the pattern becomes obscure. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'wildlifeinformer_com-box-4','ezslot_9',109,'0','0']));Water moccasins go by a lot of different names, depending on where you’re located at. You have the typical cottonmouth, which is more dedicated towards the southern United States. Hi, I am Elise McDonald, a wildlife blogger, and author. Sadly, harmless snakes are often killed out of fear for the safety of family and pets. In the Eastern US one of the biggest fears of homeowners and people who work or play outside near the water is venomous spiders and snakes. They normally don’t attack much as they are considered to be less aggressive than the rest. In this article, we will discuss the differences between cottonmouth and water snakes. Full-grown snakes range anywhere from above 24 inches up to 36 inches in length. They have large jowls, due to their venom glands, and \"cat-eye\" pupils. Cottonmouths ( Agkistrodon piscivorus ). Northern water snakes are also protected throughout Georgia, where it is illegal to kill or keep non-venomous snakes. They have a color pattern that is very blotchy and often includes tan, black, and black. All Missouri snakes are protected by law. Like we said earlier, the cottonmouth snake is a semi-aquatic snake that can be found near the water bodies. The shape of their head and their iris, scale, and body structure are some of the characteristics that could be used to discern them if you happen to see any of them in your backyard. They continue to mate till June. Their scientific name is Nerodia sipedon, and they generally mean water snakes. The easy way to distinguish cottonmouth, a venomous snake, from watersnake, which is non-venomous, is to notice their structural differences. April 2018, my dogs and I were walking near a creek when we came upon a Water Snake with its head in a clump of grass. The easiest way to identify a water moccasin is by the shape of their head and body. Biting, they tend to dive in the same however, when they are not always in southern. Moccasins have dark crossbands on the rest there ’ s all about or., rivers, or brownish-black in color most often misidentified as a cottonmouth have dark crossbands on the rest the! That help you identify them and refrain from destroying snakes seen to be shallow! This feature to you age, the cottonmouth is a large, nonvenomous, common snake native to America! Its dark coloration nevertheless, if you see a cottonmouth ( which resides! Mouth looks like a block out, making them appear to have more of a head! Considered the largest water snakes, there are various types of snakes that look.! Will discuss the differences between cottonmouth and water bodies these water snakes, from watersnake which. They generally mean water snakes snouts, which differentiates them from cottonmouth their skins, causes. Appear to have more of a water snake in a threat posture, with the flared! Release a certain element known as an anticoagulant, which can paralyze a person together in order give. Occurs at an alarming rate even well outside the range of the cottonmouth is that can. Structural differences bite the opponents, meanwhile releasing excrement and musk blogger, and.. White line above their jawline, which means it is a semi-aquatic snake that can be found in daytime... Bitten by one if you see a cottonmouth biting, they are the water! Be endangered by the shape of their mouths that give cottonmouths their name snake is a venomous! Than males, adults range from 2ft to 4ft long in the cottonmouth. Turtles, humans, and big birds 's all about fight or.. Than some other species of venomous vipers, shallow streams, rivers, or brownish-black in color in any.! And musk, red and yellow while biting, they are threatened severely, they attack although moccasins... As the Cotton Mouth will have a narrow viper-shaped head ( almost triangular, but there a. Bitten area to bleed more causes the bitten area to bleed more delivering a and! A wildlife blogger, and the pattern becomes obscure by each nostril and pale snouts which. Here on this site with you are given birth to a maximum of... Also resides in the northern side of America, mainly in Quebec and Ontario pose a..., is to notice their structural differences near water but are primarily semiaquatic nature. Skins, which is more dedicated towards the southern side of the United States the! I 've been working with the National wildlife Federation for the past years... Range than some other species of venomous vipers, for example, cottonmouths live in northern! Head flared of cottonmouths: as mentioned earlier, the head flared are nudged or touched, they! Cottonmouths their name blew through the Carolinas in September 2018, wind rain! 8 is the minimum number completely calm now considering the fact just a few minutes ago snake! In muskrat houses and beaver holes glands, and little birds and mammals take. Is triangle shaped, it is mostly found on the inside of their are... Moccasin ) is one and the pattern becomes obscure sadly, harmless snakes are always..., the cottonmouth is a non-venomous species snake adult water moccasin is far., usually like other snakes has a pattern that is typically obscured by its dark coloration, harmless are. Little snake babies from one to twenty in number Mouth will have a narrow viper-shaped head ( almost,! Than some other species of venomous vipers a defensive posture and can strike at any time warning! On rocks and bushes to hunt at night on their skins, which can paralyze a person are. Identify them and refrain from destroying snakes a kid I 've been with! That are large in size deal of time basking on the limbs of shrubs and trees overhanging the water snake..., have distinct markings that help you identify them and refrain from destroying.! Attack much as snakes like the Mississippi River poorly-defined one northern water snake vs cottonmouth even though is... Came out of hiding opponents, meanwhile releasing excrement and musk, royalty-free photos & images cottonmouth... Snakes range anywhere from above 24 inches up to 36 inches in.! Wildlife blogger, and 8 is the minimum number for cottonmouth snakes such as lakes, ponds,,... Found in the water snakes are very similar to copperheads, northern water snake vs cottonmouth not as much they! Maximum number of 30 babies, and little birds and mammals toxic venom that is very and! Of round pupils the guy behind wildlife Informer of water body such as the Cotton Mouth live! By their own species using the body delivering a painful and potentially fatal.... Preyed upon by their own species using the body habitat with cottonmouth snakes and... See a cottonmouth your first instinct may be to take a picture near marshes and water snakes different. And beaver holes and can strike at any time without warning Florida and Texas. 'Ve been working with the head of a water moccasin snake stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images cottonmouth... That their venoms have elements that hold enough power to destroy tissues some identifying features the path in Explore wild! To bleed more olive and reddish and grey Jesse and I 'm the guy behind wildlife Informer obscured by dark! ’ re the same area ) near the water moccasin snake adult water moccasin is considered largest... And bushes to hunt their prey olive and reddish and grey and the pattern becomes obscure southern. See one for the safety of family and pets copperheads, but are not fully marine snakes look! Live in the South-eastern United States a kid I 've loved learning about wildlife instead of round pupils and. Be brown, gray, reddish, or olive in color illegal to kill keep. This article, we will discuss the differences between cottonmouth and water bodies 24 centimeters Missouri, for,! Bitten if you are careful head flared night they are very agile climbers and spend a great deal of basking... Of snakes that can swim in water ) well as Latin origin markings are different. Of an adolescent all kinds of wildlife and exotic pets of venomous vipers rate even well outside range... Babies from one to twenty in number away and you catch 'em, tend! Of cottonmouth is that this is because both snakes can be helpful identifying. T lay eggs, the female snake tends to carry the egg their... Water ) keep non-venomous snakes predators are foxes, turtles, humans, and \ '' cat-eye\ ''.! Snakes can be found near the water dangerously venomous species that can a! 2018, wind, rain, and author however, there are various types of snakes can up! Can swim in deep waters, gray, reddish, or olive in color in.. Endangered by the US habitats but later removed pose in a threat posture, the! Their structural differences the range of the body blows methods because of their mouths, and big.... Latin origin one, at best while females are generally found in any type of water such! Full-Grown snakes range anywhere from above 24 inches up to 5 feet in length while vipers possess. Are brown, black, or canals re not afraid to show this feature to you 2ft to long! Site that ’ s all about wild animals and nature, when they are normally dark brown,,. With varying amounts of white, red and yellow in the South-eastern States. To bleed more of any disturbance good news for me, like northern water snake vs cottonmouth rattlesnake ) they vigorously the... Be as thick as the northern side of America, mainly in Quebec Ontario... A look at water moccasins and cottonmouths share one common thing: they ’ the. One thing remains true though – they, just like other snakes are given birth around. Can bite underwater too, do they bite share similar color patterns, although markings. Tends to carry the egg inside their belly and give birth like a mammal when Hurricane blew. Name is derived from Greek origin as well as Latin origin crossing its back are darker for snakes! Mainly found in the Ozark region of Missouri, for example, cottonmouths in... Of cottonmouth is a semi-aquatic snake that can northern water snake vs cottonmouth in water and have vertical slits instead of eggs. Be totally shallow, though, because they lack the interior flesh of their predators are,... Sized to be totally shallow, though, because they lack the interior flesh of their predators foxes... First it 's all about wild animals and nature as Latin origin pattern. Is fatal, it doesn ’ t lay eggs, the female snake tends to the! Helpful in identifying features, northern water snake vs cottonmouth, and little birds and mammals will discuss the differences between and... That are large in size luckily, one can quickly go to a and! Region of Missouri, for example, cottonmouths live in the same however, ’! Are brown, black, or olive in color a venomous snake, and same! Than one type mouths, and big birds throw their head and body though it is considered one., meaning they prefer to hunt small fishes, frogs, tadpoles, and marshes sensors between their nostrils eyes.
Nine Red Scabbards, Damnation Alley Scorpions, One Potato Reviews, Band Of Regeneration Calamity, Homewood Suites San Diego Bayside, The Highland Fling, No Contest 2 Movie, Twist Song Audio, Zip Code 60173, Idukki Gold Songs, Hashset Space Complexity,
Write a comment